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</o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--></head><body lang=EN-US link=blue vlink=purple><div class=WordSection1><p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Thank you Gaal!<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Your pointer is excellent! Googling for «perlio» yielded a lot of useful links.<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Of these I found that the most useful start in “Mojolicious”.  My recommended steps are:<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoListParagraph style='text-indent:-18.0pt;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>1.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span dir=LTR></span><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Start with Mojolicious’ “</span>perliol<span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>” document’s “Basic Structure”: <a href="http://mojolicio.us/perldoc/perliol#Basic_Structure">http://mojolicio.us/perldoc/perliol#Basic_Structure</a> <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoListParagraph style='text-indent:-18.0pt;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>2.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span dir=LTR></span><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Go to the PERLIO section in Mojolicious’ “</span>perlrun<span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>”: <a href="http://mojolicio.us/perldoc/perlrun#PERLIO">http://mojolicio.us/perldoc/perlrun#PERLIO</a> (Why is this architectural introduction in the document that explains how to run the Perl <i>interpreter</i> is a mystery to me…).<br>In that section there is a direct answer to my question, to quote:<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoListParagraph style='margin-left:72.0pt'><i><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>A space (or colon) separated list of PerlIO layers. If perl is built to use PerlIO system for IO (the default) these layers effect perl's IO.<o:p></o:p></span></i></p><p class=MsoListParagraph style='margin-left:72.0pt'><i><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D;background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>It is conventional to start layer names with a colon</span></i><i><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'> e.g. :perlio to emphasize their similarity to variable &quot;attributes&quot;. But the code that parses layer specification strings (which is also used to decode the PERLIO environment variable) <span style='background:yellow;mso-highlight:yellow'>treats the colon as a separator</span>.</span></i><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoListParagraph style='text-indent:-18.0pt;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>3.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span dir=LTR></span><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Follow with Mojolicious’ PerlIO doc (<a href="http://mojolicio.us/perldoc/PerlIO">http://mojolicio.us/perldoc/PerlIO</a>) <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoListParagraph style='text-indent:-18.0pt;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1'><![if !supportLists]><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'><span style='mso-list:Ignore'>4.<span style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]><span dir=LTR></span><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Then follow any of these documents’ “See also...” to your heart’s content!<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Good reading, thank you all Shana Tova and Gmar Khatima Tova!<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>Meir<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><span style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";color:#1F497D'>                                                                                                                                                                                                                    <o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><b><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"'>From:</span></b><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"'> perl-bounces@perl.org.il [mailto:perl-bounces@perl.org.il] <b>On Behalf Of </b>Gaal Yahas<br><b>Sent:</b> </span><span lang=HE dir=RTL style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"'>שבת 15 ספטמבר 2012 21:50</span><span style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Tahoma","sans-serif"'><br><b>To:</b> Perl in Israel<br><b>Subject:</b> Re: [Israel.pm] The syntax role of the colon (':')<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal>These are perlio layers. man PerlIO has the story.<o:p></o:p></p><div><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p></div><p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt'>You can use this to encode/decode charsets on the fly; normalize newlines; compress/decompress and so on.<o:p></o:p></p><div><p class=MsoNormal>On Sat, Sep 15, 2012 at 7:43 PM, Meir Guttman &lt;<a href="mailto:meir@guttman.co.il" target="_blank">meir@guttman.co.il</a>&gt; wrote:<o:p></o:p></p><div><div><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>Hey folks!<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>Every once in a while I encounter the colon (‘:’) as part of the Perl syntax.<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>Examples are «<b><span style='font-family:"Courier New"'>binmode STDOUT, &quot;<span style='background:yellow'>:</span>utf8&quot;;</span></b>» and «<b><span style='font-family:"Courier New"'>open my $ini_fh, &quot;&lt;<span style='background:yellow'>:</span>encoding(utf8)&quot;, $node_ini_fn;</span></b> ».<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>(Well, except the double colon as a directory-tree separator replacement.)<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>Can anybody elucidate?<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>Shana Tova and Gmar-Khatima Tova,<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>Meir<o:p></o:p></p><p class=MsoNormal style='mso-margin-top-alt:auto;mso-margin-bottom-alt:auto'>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <o:p></o:p></p></div></div><p class=MsoNormal><br>_______________________________________________<br>Perl mailing list<br><a href="mailto:Perl@perl.org.il">Perl@perl.org.il</a><br><a href="http://mail.perl.org.il/mailman/listinfo/perl" target="_blank">http://mail.perl.org.il/mailman/listinfo/perl</a><o:p></o:p></p></div><p class=MsoNormal><br><br clear=all><o:p></o:p></p><div><p class=MsoNormal><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p></div><p class=MsoNormal>-- <br>Gaal Yahas &lt;<a href="mailto:gaal@forum2.org">gaal@forum2.org</a>&gt;<br><a href="http://gaal.livejournal.com/">http://gaal.livejournal.com/</a><o:p></o:p></p></div></body></html>